Teen Depression


Year-to-date Suicide Report by Oregon County

Teen Depression in America – Troubling Statistics & Trends
Teen Depression: Causes, Symptoms, Heredity, and Treatments
Overview - Mayo Cllinic
Teen Depression - NIH 
Parent's Guide to Teen Depression
Regular Sadness vs. Depression - Teen Health
Teens aren't socializing in the real world. And that's making them super lonely
Millennials and Gen Z are really, really lonely

Teen Depression in America: Troubling Statistics and Facts

What is frequently written off as normal teenage angst may really be teen depression, and if left untreated could lead to more serious conditions with antisocial behaviors. Diagnosing depression in teens is complicated by the physical changes in this stage of development, yet there are warning signs and options for help. Below you will find a long list of eye-opening teen depression statistics covering prevalence, symptoms, warning signs of teen depression, treatment options, recovery rates and more.

Teen Depression Statistics

  • Suicide is the third leading cause of death for the 12-18 age demographic
  • 14% of teens suffered at least one episode of depression within the last 12 months
  • 20% of teens will experience depression before adulthood
  • 10-15% of teens have some symptoms of teen depression at any one time
  • 80% of teens don’t receive help for their depression
  • Female teens are twice as likely to have symptoms of depression, as male teens of the same age.

Most Common Types of Teen Depression

1. Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) Someone with MDD will experience episodes of intense depression (lasting weeks to years), separated by periods of relatively stable moods. MDD can make it difficult to work, study, sleep, eat, and enjoy friends or activities.

2.Dysthymic Disorder Teens with Dysthymia experience depressive episodes that are less intense than in MDD but are long-lasting—at least one year or longer.

3. Bipolar Disorder (Manic Depression) Bipolar disorder is characterized by cycling mood changes ranging from extreme emotional highs to extreme lows—major depression to mania with high energy. This is a serious condition that can cause sleeplessness, hallucinations, psychosis, grandiose delusions, or paranoid rage. Bipolar disorder sometimes has a genetic component and can run in families.

4. Adjustment Disorder Adjustment disorder is a short-term condition that people find themselves in when they struggle coping with, or adjusting to, a particular source of stress such as, divorce or death of a loved one.

Causes of Teen Depression

Depression in teens can stem from a variety of reasons:

  • Academic stress
  • Peer pressure
  • Romantic problems
  • Traumatic events
  • Divorcing parents
  • Genetic factors
  • Family financial struggles
  • Physical/emotional neglect

Source: www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/depression/index.shtml#part2)

How Does Depression Affect Teen Life?

Depression can lead to other problems as well.

  • 30% of teens suffering from depression also develop substance abuse problems
  • 15% of teens suffering with depression eventually develop bipolar disorder
  • Up to 10% of teens have conduct disorder as a result of depression

Conduct disorder is a range of antisocial behaviors towards others.

  • 6%-10% of boys
  • 2%-9% of girls

Conduct disorder can lead to:

  • Aggression with people and animals
  • Destruction of property
  • Deceitfulness or theft
  • Serious violations of rules

Depression can also cause teens to:

  • Create family conflicts
  • Have problems at school
  • Run away
  • Become violent
  • Participate in reckless behavior
  • Abuse drugs or alcohol
  • Develop internet addictions
  • Become suicidal

If Left Untreated, Depression Can Evolve into Other Serious Conditions

Ignoring depression can be dangerous. Unfortunately, 80 percent of teens don’t seek help for their depression. Depression can turn into a more serious condition for your teenager if left untreated.

  • 20% with major depressive disorder (MDD) develop psychotic symptoms
  • 15% of teens with depression eventually develop bipolar disorder
  • 66% of teens with major depression also suffer from another mental disorder, such as persistent mild depression, addiction to drugs or alcohol, anxiety, or antisocial behaviors

Teenage Depression and Suicide

Suicide is the third leading cause of death among people ages 15-24.

  • The rate of suicide in America has tripled over the last 60 years
  • About 19% of young people contemplate or attempt suicide each year
  • 14%-24% of young and young adults have self-injured at least once
  • More teens die from suicide than from cancer, heart disease, AIDS, birth defects, stroke, pneumonia, influenza, and chronic lung disease combined
  • 5,400 estimated suicide attempts are made each day by teens in the United States

Signs of Teen Depression

Four out of 5 teens who attempt suicide have given clear warning signs as to their intentions.

Common warning signs of depression are:

  • Sadness that lasts most of the day
  • Crankiness and irritability
  • Inability to have fun doing things that used to be fun
  • Acting younger than their age
  • Feeling tired all the time
  • Trouble sleeping through the night
  • Changes in appetite
  • Drop in grades
  • Lack of empathy
  • Lack of motivation
  • Low self-esteem

teen depression major red flags

Tips for Talking with Teens

Communicate with your teenager to understand what is going on in their life. Let them know you are there for them no matter what. It’s okay if you need some guidance talking to your teen. After all, teenagers don’t come with instructions. Here are a few tips for successful communication with your teenager:

  • Offer genuine support
  • Be gentle but persistent with requests
  • Listen without lecturing
  • Validate their feelings
  • Find a depression specialist
  • Stay involved in treatment
  • Provide appropriate medication
  • Encourage physical activity and a balanced diet
  • List to and support your teen
  • Educate your teen on the risks or drug and alcohol abuse
  • Educate yourself about depression

Options for Help

Only 1 in 5 depressed teens receive help. There are many options available for teens facing mental health issues. Rawhide Boys Ranch is one of them.

Residential Treatment Success

Residential treatment has been very successful for individuals battling depression.

  • 80% of adolescents with depression improve during residential treatment
  • 72%-97% of parents reported a reduction in internalizing problems from admission to discharge after residential treatment

Don’t let depression affect your teenager. Open a healthy line of communication with your teenager and find out the problems they are facing and what is going on in their life. If your teenager is struggling with depression, there is help. Your teenager does not have to battle depression on their own.

Related content from Rawhide's site

Teen Anger & Aggression – Causes & Treatment [INFOGRAPHIC]
Selfie Obsession: The Rise of Social Media Narcissism [INFOGRAPHIC]
ACEs and Child Trauma Leave Lasting Scars [INFOGRAPHIC]
Teen Cyberbullying and Social Media Use on the Rise [INFOGRAPHIC]
Too Much Screen for Your Teen? [INFOGRAPHIC]
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Source: www.rawhide.org/blog/wellness/teen-depression-in-america-troubling-statistics-trends/  

Teens aren't socializing in the real world. And that's making them super lonely

Teens whose face time with friends is mostly on their phones are the loneliest of all, but even those who mix real-world socializing with social media still are increasingly isolated, a report out Wednesday shows.

Loneliness isn't just an age thing; it's generational, says the author of the study, San Diego State University psychology professor Jean Twenge. The percent of high school seniors who said they often felt lonely increased from 26 percent in 2012 to 39 percent in 2017.

The number of 12th graders who said they often felt left out also increased, from 30 percent in 2012 to 38 percent in 2017.

The data and study, published in the Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, are from nationally representative surveys of 8.2 million U.S. adolescents between 1976 and 2017.

The study comes as the topic of loneliness gains considerable interest in the health care field because of its link to mental and physical health, as well as life expectancy.

Research out last year from the insurer Cigna found teens reported being loneliest, but it wasn't clear whether that was due to age or being from a different generation.

"We find it is a generational difference, since loneliness increased among teens 2012 to 2017," says Twenge, who is also the author of "iGen: Why Today's Super-Connected Kids Are Growing Up Less Rebellious, More Tolerant, Less Happy--and Completely Unprepared for Adulthood."

The increase in loneliness might be due to how teens spend their leisure time, Twenge says. When compared to teens in earlier decades, Gen Z are less likely to "get together with friends in person, go to parties, go out with friends, date, ride in cars for fun, go to shopping malls, or go to the movies," she reported.

'A lot of time alone'

Rebecca Agnello of Grand Island, New York, was "alone in her suffering" when she died by suicide at 14 in December 2015. Her father, Rob, says there is no "one cause" that led his daughter to take her life though he believes social media played a role.

"With social media, there’s an appearance of having all this closeness, but we have a lot of time alone," he says.

Agnello cites the book "A Mind at Home with Itself," by the author Byron Katie, which he said helped him get through the grieving process. It wouldn't resonate as much for teenagers, he says.

"At that age, they can't really process the mind being at home with itself," he says. For Rebecca, who had a good group of friends, "sitting with her phone and people not getting back to her," was particularly painful, he says.

Other statistics from Twenge's study:

  • In the late 1970s, 52 percent of 12th graders said they got together with their friends almost every day but, by 2017, only 28 percent did.
  • In 2017, teens got together with their friends 68 fewer times a year than they did in the early 1990s and high school seniors went out on dates 32 fewer times a year.
  • Gen Z 10th graders went to approximately 17 fewer parties a year than Gen X 10th graders did.

The perils of social isolation

As a heartthrob for those of Gen Z and older, musician Nick Jonas might seem an unlikely spokesman on the perils of social isolation, but he is doing so for Cigna. In a recent interview, he said balancing Type 1 diabetes with the challenges of his new solo career several years ago was difficult but not as hard as it might have been.

"I was really lucky to have my brothers, my family and my touring family," said Jonas, who recently resumed performing with his brothers. "I never felt that sense of real loneliness."

"Social media is an incredibly powerful tool," says Jonas, but he notes "it can be isolating at times."

Today's high school seniors spend more than an hour less a day interacting with friends in person than Gen X teens did in the late 1980s.

Melissa Sporn, a McLean, Virginia, child psychologist who has two teenage children, cites overscheduling that limits socializing and parents' efforts to protect kids from danger outside, which leads to more inside time on computers and phones.

"Online activities hits us twice, once as a distraction and/or substitution for real social interaction and then again as a representation via social media of all the things we aren't doing and should be engaged in thus leaving us feeling lonely and FOMO," says Sporn, referring to "Fear of Missing Out."

Twenge says teens' increasing isolation is not caused by more time spent on work or homework – because the data show they now spend less time on paid work and about the same amount of time or less on homework and extracurricular activities as they did in the 1980s and 1990s.

Sporn disagrees: "Our students in high school are taking college classes and there is a significant uptick in the amount of homework our kids have compared to just 15 years ago," she says.

Preserving social interaction

Cigna’s annual global well-being survey, Well and Beyond, out March 25, will report that U.S. millennials – members of Generation Y who are 25 to 34 – appear to favor their smartphone and gaming more than socializing with friends. And spending more time on digital devices and gaming leads people to isolate more by avoiding in-person interaction, Cigna found.

Cigna's questionnaire on loneliness includes ways to connect more with other people. Agnello says that's needed: "Effort has to be made in order to preserve some of this social interaction" as there are major drawbacks when it is "electronic assisted," he says.

"Social media can give us the impression that the lives of others are so good and can make us feel like we are missing out or our lives are not as good as that of others," says Agnello. "There are so many factors at work here and the emphasis these days seems to be more on achieving and accomplishing partly due to the demands of society rather than the time we used to have just to be children, just to relax and be who we authentically are. There is much more pressure now."
Source: www.usatoday.com/story/news/health/2019/03/20/teen-loneliness-social-media-cell-phones-suicide-isolation-gaming-cigna/3208845002/?utm_source=usatoday-The%20Short%20List&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=narrative&utm_term=article_body

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